Classification of mineral water

Mineral water is natural water that contains dissolved salts, trace elements (potassium, calcium, sodium, magnesium, iron, etc.) and biologically active components. These substances give water a special chemical composition and taste, and also have a certain effect on the human body.

Mineral water is used both for internal and external use.

In addition, mineral waters are classified according to the degree of mineralization, that is, according to the amount of dissolved salts per liter of water. The following types of mineral waters are distinguished:Classification of mineral water

low-mineralized – up to 1 g/l;
medium mineralized – from 1 to 10 g/l;
highly mineralized – from 10 to 35 g/l;
very highly mineralized (brine) – over 35 g/l.
In addition, mineral waters differ in the presence and amount of gases, such as carbon dioxide (CO2), hydrogen sulfide (H2S), radon (Rn) and others. According to this criterion, the following types of mineral waters are distinguished:

non-carbonated – without the addition of gases or with their insignificant content;
carbonated – with the addition of carbon dioxide or other gases;
highly carbonated – with a high content of carbon dioxide or other gases.


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