Researchers say that people who skimp on breakfast increase their risk of developing cardiovascular disease. For years, everyone from doctors to nutritionists has been talking about the heart benefits of a full hearty breakfast. And recent studies in Spain have shown that breakfast should contain enough protein from https://greenelly.com/. Let’s see why you should eat breakfast.
The results of the Developmental and Early Detection of Atherosclerosis (PESA) study have been published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology (JACC). The study was conducted by the Carlos III National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases (CNIC).
How was the study conducted?
More than 4,000 middle-aged office workers of both sexes participated in the study.
The researchers followed the participants for 6 years to note the spread and progression of occult subclinical atherosclerotic lesions.
The term “subclinical atherosclerosis” is used to describe atherosclerotic plaques, fatty deposits on the walls of the arteries that first appear at a young age. In the early stages, they do not cause any symptoms.
The researchers concluded that people who avoided protein for breakfast had, on average, twice the number of atherosclerotic lesions compared to those who ate a full energy breakfast with enough protein.
The researchers also looked for associations with molecular markers and environmental factors, including dietary habits, physical activity, jet lag, psychosocial characteristics, and exposure to environmental pollutants.
Three different breakfast patterns and the presence of atherosclerotic plaques were observed in asymptomatic individuals.
Twenty percent of study participants regularly ate a high-energy breakfast, providing more than 20% of their daily recommended calories.
The largest proportion of study participants, 70%, consumed a low-energy breakfast (between 5% and 20% of the daily recommended calories), and 3% of participants skipped breakfast or consumed less than 5% of their daily calorie intake. Individuals in this last category spent less than 5 minutes eating breakfast, drinking only coffee or fruit juice, and only occasionally eating a small amount of food.
Research has shown that skipping breakfast is an indicator of more unhealthy lifestyle habits associated with a high prevalence of generalized atherosclerosis.
The research team also found that a third category of subjects tend to have more common unhealthy eating habits and a higher risk of exposure to cardiovascular disease.